Tuesday, 24 April 2018



Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POSCO) Act appears to be somewhat lopsided and nothing more than an electoral strategy. It does not talk about the ways and means about the meticulous compliance of the Act and implementation and righteous enforcement of the laws. This is what ails and stinks about the Indian system.

Yes, it rightfully seeks death penalty for rapists of girls below 12 years of age and stringent punishment for perpetrators of rape particularly of girls below 16 years, minimum punishment having been increased from 10 to 20 years, extendable to life imprisonment. The punishment for gang rape of a girl less than 16 years increased to imprisonment for the rest of the life of the convict. The minimum punishment in case of rape of women has also been increased from rigorous imprisonment of 7 to 10 years, extendable to life imprisonment. Further, the government has also ‘decided’ to put in place several measures for speedy probe and trial of rape cases. It has also provided for a six month time limit for disposal of appeals in rape cases.

On the face of it, it all appears laudable, but I find the ‘catch’ in the process of investigation and the court trial when immense pressure is built up on the victim and family, to ‘compromise’. This process amounts to nothing but bullying, blackmailing, physical and mental torture and blatant abuse of the due process of law by some of the agencies which are supposed to enforce the law. And this pressure is often generated by few of the family members as well.

When and how will the government seal these loop-holes effectively? It remains to be seen.

While browsing the net, I came across this interesting piece on the Online ‘FIRSTPOST’ which is produced below with due humility and acknowledgement. It gives out the data to prove that the offender is known to the victim in over 95% of the cases.

I wonder what provisions shall be introduced, if ever, to halt these ‘in-house’ rapes? I also wonder if the government will ever also try to rope in that section of politicians / officials (both in government or private sector) of whatever strata, who do indulge in rapes but succeed in escaping the ‘due process of law’ by whatever means and painfully also get rehabilitated because of their ‘nuisance’ value (read muscle / monetary power / clout). I also wonder about the ‘Casting Couch Rapes which are perpetrated almost all the time in a section of film / fashion and theatrical industry. I was shocked when I read this reported post on twitter today. Apparently they go unreported because; as the choreographer said that at least such victims do get a ‘roti’.


And this brings me to another aspect of Rapes, talk about which is a total taboo in the society and hardly any data is available with regard thereto. It concerns the rapes (read sodomy) of boys of tender and non consenting age. It is unfortunate that the rapes and sexual exploitation of young boys is as prevalent in the society, as that of the girls. Both boys and girls are molested under the same circumstances and by the same category of men; some close relatives, helpers, neighbours and other ‘damn sex seekers’. Exploitation of both is deplorable and need strict legal and social cognizance. It is heartening that the society is up in arms about the rapes and molestations of the girls and women but it is also about time that due cognizance is also taken to save and rescue those hapless young and innocent boys who are being violated with impunity every other day and all over. India has become a hot destination of pedophiles and vicious monsters seeking sex with gullible male children as well.

Hope the sleeping government and the society wakes up to the entire gamut of same / opposite sex rapes in the Indian society and takes real stern action instead of just cosmetic ones. Entire process of law needs a thorough and total overhauling.

Indian society seeks bloody retribution from such devious monsters…

And it also needs to seek equally deterrent retribution from those who fail to meticulously implement and enforce the laws of the land…

Tuesday, 20 February 2018


Hey ......

Great getting your mail, after ages. A fantastically honest mail. Thanks.

Incidentally your mail just reminded me of some lines, half forgotten, written by someone I have forgotten who (lol, I ain't getting younger, it appears 😂). These wonderfully honest lines often come to my mind, when I am on cross roads of life...

"खतरे के निशान से ऊपर बह रहा है उम्र का पानी,
वक़्त की बरसात है कि थमने का नाम नहीं ले रही;

आज दिल कर रहा था, बच्चों की तरह रूठ ही जाऊँ,
पर फिर सोचा,उम्र का तकाज़ा है, मनायेगा कौन;

रखा करो नजदीकियां, ज़िन्दगी का कुछ भरोसा नहीं,
फिर कहेंगे कि चले भी गए और बताया भी नहीं;

चाहे जिधर से गुज़रिये,मीठी सी हलचल मचा दीजिये,
उम्र का हरेक दौर मज़ेदार है,अपनी उम्र का मज़ा लीजिये..."

Yeah, of late there has not been any exclusive interview. Only some so-called panel discussions where moderators try to incite and goad panellists trying to make them 'bark and fight' like ferocious dogs, transforming the show into crazy dog fight shows instead of  serious thought provoking ones. Of late I have stopped accepting such invites aswell.

Apart from these dog fights, I have also been busy visiting places and universities trying to create much needed awareness on the drug issue. I, however, feel that my attempts have been a dismal failure. sometimes I feel that i have wasted my energies on a futile and useless venture. Sad...
Sad indeed.

Yes, besides 'wasting' my time, as mentioned, in the preceding lines, I have also been busy trying to make  some more of powerful enemies (as if the existing horde of them was not enough).

I have also been busy studying 'basis' to file a PIL in Supreme Court of this country, seeking registration of cases against some Indian political parties for deliberately making false promises to be-fool people, if not the nation, but never fulfilling them. Not fulfilling them because there was no intent ever. Even while formulating their election manifestos or indulging in 'verbosity' (now popularly called 'JUMLA BAJI'), they know / knew that such allurements can't be fulfilled. It was, just an attempt to be-fool and cheat the nation, making mockery of the Constitution of the country.

Funnily, 'Cheating', in India 'incidentally' happens to be an offence under sections 420/34 of the IPC (Indian Penal Code) besides causing 'breach or trust'. But unfortunately these appears to be applicable only on lesser mortals. Rich and powerful appear to have been 'exempted' from their application. Various leaders & manifesto makers need to be imprisoned and fined heavily for this blatant 'Cheating and wilful undermining' of the Constitution, and Spirit of the Nation. Instead they go merrily scot-free and keep sitting smug and smilingly in their ivory towers ridiculing the lesser mortal of the citizens and Constitution of this unfortunate nation, 'INDIA, THAT IS BHARAT'...

Man, honestly speaking, often I feel ashamed of having born an Indian. The nation has since become a 'RANGMANCH of POLITICAL NAUTANKIES', romantic and scintillating theatre which used to be immensely popular in rural North, particularly U.P. and Bihar etc. 
To sprinkle salt on my injury, I have till now not been able to locate any good lawyer who is ready to take up this case in question on a token payment because I am not in a position to meet their enormous monetary demands.

My planned act has also infuriated vested interests. Threats have increased  and I don't know when I am done away with' or fall pray to their Machiavellian and criminal designs.

Several of my 'friends' have been trying to dissuade me, but what can I do?
"कहती है मुझे ज़िन्दगी, कि मैं अपनी आदतें बदल लूँ,
पर बहुत चला हूँ, मैं लोगों के पीछे, अब थोड़ा खुद के साथ तो चल लूँ...

You have written about your friends planning not to return to India and make their future abroad. Under the given circumstances, I think that it is a wise decision. These politicians have made this country not worth living. It is not what it was meant to be. Not what it used to be either. Instead of trying to work for the country, most of them are busy working for themselves in all possible ways, all three 'Ws' included. Any one can see through their nefarious designs, but no one has guts to check them...
"उसे लगता था कि उसकी चालाकियाँ हमें समझ नहीं आतीं,
पर हम सिर्फ ख़ामोशी से देखते रहे, उसे अपनी नज़रों से गिरते हुए..."

And watching them stooping lower and lower into the gutter, my dislike and hatred for most of them has only increased, forcing me to go my own way, which, I know will only eventually lead either to my gruesome murder or implication in fake and false cases, some of which I have already been facing for quite some time...
But again...
"खुद से जीतने की जिद है, मुझे खुद को ही हराना है,
मै भीड़ नहीं हूँ दुनिया की, मेरे अन्दर एक ज़माना है..."

Sad that I am not getting younger day by day otherwise I would perhaps revolutionised the country.

Chal, I think I have bored you enough, my young friend.

Take care

Make your decisions carefully 

And be happy

God bless...



I have half a mind to put my pain on my blog site. Have not written one in ages...

Wednesday, 13 December 2017


New Trends in Drug Smuggling...


The history of international drug trade in the world goes back to about 2000 years ago when the Great Silk Route came into existence under the Han dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD). Since Silk was the primary merchandise, this route came to be known as the Silk Route. Opium, precious stones and condiments etc also formed part of the trade on this route which went on to parts of China, parts of present Afghanistan, India, Persians, Arabs, Syrians, Greeks and Romans etc.
Part of this route is still in existence. It starts from the Golden Crescent and the Golden Triangle. The former primarily commences from parts of Afghanistan onto India, Iran, Turkey, countries of erstwhile USSR and further on to Europe and the United States. The other route starts from the notorious Golden Triangle and as far as India is concerned, it passes through some states in the North East and Bengal and goes on to parts on India as also countries abroad.

India, on Drug Map;

India is not only fast becoming a major drug market but one of the major international drug routes also. Not only drugs produced in the Crescent and Triangle are passing through but even ingenuously produced high quality Cannabinoids, particularly Mallana, as also ‘Made in India Synthetics’ are getting immensely popular abroad because of their purity and high grade potency. Contacts in some prominent international anti drug agencies have revealed that they are keeping a close eye on the drug trade passing and exported from India and the matter has been taken up with the Indian government / anti drug agencies. India has also started figuring prominently in the reports of the U.N. agencies.

The New Silk Route;

The name ‘Silk Route’ as such, retained its historical value only till 2013 when it came to light that another silk route was in existence for some time. It was more notorious and deadly than the historic route. One Ross William Ulbricht an American drug trafficker and darknet market operator was arrested in 2013. darknet market or cryptomarket is a commercial website on the web that operates via darknets such as ‘Tor’ or 12 P (‘Tor’ is an acronym that stands for ‘the onion route’—free computer software that enables users to communicate anonymously using different layers of networks; hence, the analogy of an onion). They function primarily as black markets supplying drugs to selling illegal arms and ammunition, forging documents, opening secret bank accounts, providing services for money laundering, offering techniques for hacking into secure computer systems and networks, providing tools for phishing or illegal siphoning of money by pretending to be genuine customers of banks and financial institutions, spamming or sending unwanted electronic mail, anonymous mail drops, online financial scams and so on. Ulbricht, who went by the moniker ‘Dread Pirate Roberts’, was the elusive creator and proprietor of massive illegal online market named ‘Silk Road’ .Ulbricht was arrested in 2013 for creating the ‘largest and most sophisticated criminal enterprise on the ‘worldwide web’ which had generated business worth $214 million by selling a wide variety of contraband material and offering a range of illegal services, within a span of about two years, 2011 - 2013. Even after his arrest several other DNMs (Dragnet Markets) are still operating internationally. They include variety of names like Agora, Evolution, Pandora, Blue Sky, Hydra, Cloud 9, Andromeda, Outlaw, Pirate, Black Bank, Tor Bazaar, Cannabis Garden and Alpaca. Together, these sites are said to have concluded several thousands of illegal and illicit deals and are still operative under one name or the other.

Indian DNM (Dark Net Market) operation;

 Indian ‘scamsters and operators’ are, unfortunately second to none, if not the very best. India as well the Darknet markets are booming and operating selling variety of items enumerated in preceding paragraph. Drugs, however, remain the most important of them. One often hears weird names like Hari P…., Madly Fo….., Dream M…., Va…., Al… B…, Ha…. etc. All types of drugs including high quality cannabinoids, Mallana, psychedelics, opioids, dissociatives, ecstacy, steroids, cannabis, benzos, barbiturates and prescription drugs. These Indian drug vendors also sell a wide range of prescription drugs like Benzodiazepines (antidepressants) like Xanax, Barbiturates (central nervous system depressants), pain killers like Tramadol and erectile dysfunction medicines like Tadalafil which are misused by drug addicts. Drug peddlers and addicts having basic knowledge of computer, can easily buy drugs from dark net.
Even ‘clean and uncut’ Bolivian cocaine along with review of quality of the cocaine with a picture of it is also being sold. The vendors also provide escrow services where one can track the consignment. DNMs are like any other e-commerce portals where payment generally has to be made in hard currency and even Bitcoins, when transaction is of higher denominations and at an international level. Within the country and for ‘retail transactions’, Indian currency is accepted. 
Though online purchase of drugs is relatively a comparative new phenomenon in India, but it has picked up fast. Indian drug peddlers are said to be even using Indian Postal services for delivering the drugs. Several vendors are also using normal courier services as also delivering through their personal courier networks. Secrecy and direct contact between the vendor and agent / end user is the reason why it has not been coming to the lime light.

Scenario in Punjab;

1-      In short the narration above is said to be true of Punjab as well where, unfortunately on the one hand drug usage is said to be high and on the other whatever small sized surveys have been undertaken, have been marred by political controversies. One political party swears by them and some other ridicule. However it remains a fact that not much attention has been paid towards this issue. I have grave doubts if the orders of the Punjab and Haryana High Court in CWP 20359 OF 2013 have been implemented in the right earnest. I, Shashi Kant was the petitioner in this case whose letter petition was suo moto accepted by the then Hon’ble Chief Justice Mr. Sanjay Kishan Kaul way back in 2013.

2-      It is a pity that the drug issue of Punjab gets highlighted only around elections and gets the back seat a few months later and situation remains more or less the same there after. As on date hardly anyone is talking about drugs and I am sure that it will come up again only during the next general elections.

3-      This serious issue has only been politicised by some with no intent to solve it. I have been raising this issue relentlessly for last about ten year, but have failed to obtain the support of any political party / political leaders who matter and even public in general. I feel that unfortunately there is no intent on their part and gullible individuals will continue to succumb to drugs.

4-      The only response that I have got has been in the form of attempts on my life, attempts to kidnap me and threats to me and my family. I am thankful to the Hon’ble Punjab and Haryana High Court for having provided me security but attempts to intimidate even within the premises of the High Court continued asking me not to peruse or attend the case proceedings. Though I have been informing concerned authorities but as a last resort, I have prepared a detailed report about the individuals and groups who have been indulging in these nefarious activities of threatening me and my family as also mentally and psychologically harassing me and have handed it over to my lawyers in Chandigarh with the request that it be opened only after my death which appears imminent sooner or later because I intend continuing my antidrug tirade, which had become somewhat slow since my mother sad demise. I have since coped up with that immense loss and am going to go ahead full steam once again.

I, however, wish to clearly state that the mental and psychological harassment, besides the real threat to our lives, by such anti national and anti social elements, has reached immense and intolerable magnitude.  This often leads me to wonder that if this could happen to me, who has been lucky to have had the media support with him, what could have happened to a common citizen of this country.

5-      I would like to clearly state that I have approached almost the entire senior leadership of the state as also the country,  but of no avail. It is sad indeed. It just exposes their hollow claims. 

6-      Regarding the STF, it started off very well but lost steam over a period of time, particularly after the arrest of a police official, who had earlier remained posted in border area. Startling disclosures were expected from him, which somehow appear to have failed to see the light of the day.

7-      As far as the drug trade in Punjab is concerned, my information indicates that though the smuggling ring remains intact, but the dons are lying low because of the reasons to which I am not privy. Drug smuggling from across the international border falling in Punjab has gone down. Availability of opiates has also gone down leading to opening of other channels of smuggling. As far as the Golden Crescent is concerned, opiates are primarily coming in from the J&K. Major routed remain from across Muzzafarabad – Uri sector and Poonch sector of J&K across Rawalkot. Army and other security forces have not been able to curtain heroin smuggling because their major concentration is on anti terror activities. It may be mentioned that the condition of drug affliction in J&K is no better than that of Punjab. As against earlier trend of drug smuggling from Punjab into J&K, now the situation has reversed.

Production of synthetics in the state appears to have gone down but their production appears to be continuing in states bordering Punjab. Some medicine producing hubs in the country are said to have gone in to massive production of synthetics, thanks to the failure of the anti drug agencies in the country and the loop holes in the drug policy of Government of India. There appears to be no coordination whatsoever among them.

Drugs continue coming in from across Himachal and also from Nepal. Reports exist about clandestine manufacture of grade three heroin in parts of Saharanpur and some districts of Haryana bordering Punjab.

8-      Not much improvement in the open availability of pharmaceutical drugs and poppy husk. In fact with the increase in the prices of heroin, dependence on pharmaceutical drugs has increase considerably.

9-      Another disturbing trend is the smuggling of heroin from across the Golden Triangle. Smaller quantities of opiates are being brought in by truck drivers both for consumption and sale.
10-  In short the ‘opiate epidemic’, as recently voiced by Donald Trump, remains intact in India, with marginal improvement in Punjab, with all concerned parties sleeping away to glory.

Thursday, 16 March 2017


Dear Capt Amarinder Singh, Sir

Heartiest congratulations to you and to your party which has since ushered in a new era of hope for the state of Punjab.

Having been in the government service both in the Center and the State and having served (on attachment from the parent organisation to which i had been serving on deputation) three Prime Ministers of the country, I understand that enormity of your task as the incumbent Chief Minister of a state which is bankrupt, whose primary resources like state properties have been sold, whose natural resources like water, forest land, sand, gravel etc have been mercilessly plundered; whose public property including road transport, electricity, industry, to name a few have been misappropriated; a state whose coffers are empty; a state where a significant percentage of populace, particularly youth are addicted to narcotic substances; a state whose officials, civil and police included, are ridden with the scrooge of corruption in its worst possible form.

While wishing you the very best of luck and knowing that you will be choosing the best possible team and will bring Punjab back on its feet, I Shashi Kant, who has single handedly been fighting against the scrooge of drugs and fighting for various aspects of Human Rights, the very basic Natural Right of the entire humanity; since 2007, unconditionally offer my wholehearted services to you.

I am sure that I will be able to help, on howsoever minuscule mangitude it may be, to fulfil your promise to the state of Pounjab to
eradicate the drug menace, it its entirety, from Punjab.

It will necessarily include cutting the chain of supply, identification of drug dons in all spheres; social, political, police, civil etc etc.

As also creating awareness, and ensuring all preventive steps on which I have also been assisting the Hon'ble Punjab and Haryana High Court as well.

The over all package, in short...

And unconditionally...

At last I would like to submit that way back in 2012 I had made this offer to the earstwhile Chief Minister as well. Now that you are in position, you get that letter located from the records of the office of the Chief Minister.

Sir, I also request you to get the list of major drug Lords of Punjab which was prepared by the intelligence wing way back is 2007, located from the records of the intelligence wing.

It may be a somewhat difficult task because the officials of the intelligence wing had been, on account of political pressures, filing wrong and motivated affidavits in the courts of law denying the existence of the list on file. If it's gets surfaced then they will have to face the charge of perjury.

I have no problems giving out the major names which existed in that list as also the names of the officials of the team which had prepared that list

Worst coming to worst you can order preparation of a fresh list and ordering crackdown

Once again offering my services,


Shashi kant

Tuesday, 14 February 2017


Valentines Day...
(Acknowdgement / Courtesy  www.history.com)


Every February 14, almost around the world, candy, flowers and gifts are exchanged between loved ones, all in the name of St. Valentine. But who is this mysterious saint, and where did these traditions come from? The story starts from ancient Roman rituals to the customs of Victorian England.


The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition.

The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.

Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. According to one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the first “valentine” greeting himself after he fell in love with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine". This expression is still used. Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the Middle Ages, perhaps thanks to this reputation, Valentine would become one of the most popular saints in England and France.


While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270–others claim that the Christian church may have decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of "Lupercalia". Celebrated at the ides of February, or February 15, Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.

To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were believed to have been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Far from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year. Later in the day, according to legend, all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.


Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity and but was outlawed—as it was deemed “un-Christian”–at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day. It was not until much later, however, that the day became definitively associated with love. During the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed in France and England that February 14 was the beginning of birds’ mating season, which added to the idea that the middle of Valentine’s Day should be a day for romance.

Valentine greetings were popular as far back as the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to appear until after 1400. The oldest known valentine was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. (The greeting is now part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London, England.) Several years later, it is believed that King Henry V hired a writer named John Lydgate to compose a valentine note to Catherine of Valois.


Valentine’s Day is celebrated almost all over the world including Europe and in American Australian continenents. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the 17th century. By the middle of the 18th, it was common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes. The commercialisation of the event started by 1900 when printed cards replaced written  notes.

Americans too probably began exchanging hand-made valentines in the early 1700s. In the 1840s, Esther A. Howland began selling the first mass-produced valentines in America. Howland, known as the “Mother of the Valentine,” made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful pictures known as “scrap.” According to the Greeting Card Association, an estimated 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent each year, making Valentine’s Day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year. (An estimated 2.6 billion cards are sent for Christmas.)

Valentine’s Day has since become an industry, as also day of love between all humans and families as well.

Unfortunately for some of semi literate and semi civilised people in India, it has become a day to exhibit their lust and vandalism...


It is almost a reproduction of an beautifully illustrated article available on the net and belonging to the www.history.com

This article has been reproduced to help create and awareness in India where this great social occasion has unfortunately just become an occasion to harrass females by some goddamn lusty people and antisocial vandals.

Hope they draw some inspiration from this great article which is on net on the open site of the www.history.com

Sunday, 11 December 2016


Short story about demonetisation

To hunt crocodiles, a pond was dried.
But no crocodiles were found because they can live on land too.
But all the small fish died in the process...

Thursday, 8 December 2016


Punjab’s case for its river waters

River Waters and their Allocation between Indian and Pakistani Punjab
The joint Punjab had five rivers Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum which ran through its territory joining the Indus on to the sea and hence the names Punjab and Indus Basin. During partition in 1947 Chenab and Jhelum remained in Pakistani Punjab while remaining three rivers ran both in Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab. Thus Indian Punjab ceased to be co-riparian in respect of Chenab and Jhelum, but it continued to be co-riparian with regards to SatIuj, Beas and Ravi. Before partition Pakistani Punjab had a canal system which drew waters from these three co-riparian Punjab Rivers. Indian Punjab being the upper riparian, during the first year after partition, more than once virtually stopped water supply to Pakistani canals to the detriment of Pakistan’s agriculture, which was fed from these rivers. It gave rise to the dispute between Pakistani Punjab and the Indian Punjab.
Before partition, Punjab had about 170 MAF of water in its rivers. It also had 5.6 MAF of waters from Yamuna River flowing to the Ganga basin, because a part of that river basin was located in the old united Punjab. At the time of partition the three Punjab Rivers in the state had a total supply of about 38 MAF (including Yamuna waters). After a dispute regarding sharing of waters, both India and Pakistan finally agreed that three rivers; Satluj, Beas and Ravi would come in the share of share of Indian Punjab and the waters of the other three rivers, Indus included, went entirely to Pakistani Punjab. Under this agreement India also ‘contributed’ 62 million Pounds to Pakistan as their share of waters of these three rivers, which had earlier been used in Pakistani Punjab as well. At the time of Independence, out of about 32.5 MAF in three Punjab Rivers, about 9 MAF were being used in Punjabi area and one MAF was used in the erstwhile Bikaner state for which it paid royalty to Punjab, the waters being of the State and not of the Central Government. The rest of the water was being utilised in Pakistan Punjab or going down to the sea.

Origin of Interstate Dispute
Here it is relevant to state that in 1954 while the Indus water dispute was going on, the Indian representative, in order to plead before the Indus Water Commission about the proposed utilisation of waters of Punjab Rivers, required the Central Government to hastily draw a project report showing utilization of waters of these rivers in Punjab and Rajasthan. Accordingly, the Centre called an officer level meeting to frame the ‘project’ for utilisation of 8 MAF in Rajasthan as well and submitted to the Indus Commission. Apparently it was done only for the consumption of the Indus Water Commission, which in some of its reports even termed it as a ‘dubious’ report. However later, after ‘settlement’ of dispute with Pakistan, it became the basis for actual diversion of Punjab waters to Rajasthan. This allocation done in that officer- level meeting was, however, either not in pursuance of any decision by the Punjab Ministry, Government, or the Legislature, nor it an early post facto endorsement of this allocation sought.
Until 1966, Punjab, like other states, remained the master of its river waters but at the time of creation of ‘Punjabi Suba’, the Union Govt. of India introduced sections 78 to 80 in the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966, under which it virtually assumed the powers of controlling, maintaining, distributing and ‘developing’  the waters and  hydel power of Punjab rivers. This act was unconstitutional, discriminatory and violative of the provisions of the Indian Constitutional provisions on riparian laws. Pursuant to this the Government of India not only started exercising powers under these sections of the Act, but also allotted over 75% of the available Punjab waters to the non-riparian areas of Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi.
The fact that this act was contrary to the constitutional provisions is exemplified by the well established principle of Riparian Law which clearly stipulates that disputes relating to river waters can only be settled between riparian states and not by / between the riparian and a non-riparian state. This established law, the world over is embodied even in the Indian Constitution vide entry 17 of the list to 7th Schedule of the Constitution. Rivers, River Waters and Hydel power have been state subjects.
Article 262 deals with the adjudication of disputes relating to waters of interstate rivers or river valleys. It states that;

1-       Parliament may by law provide for the adjudication of any dispute or complaint with respect to the use, distribution or control of the waters of, or in, any inter-state river or river valley.


2-       Notwithstanding anything in the constitution, Parliament may by law provide that neither the Supreme Court nor any other court shall exercise jurisdiction in respect of any such dispute or complaint as is referred to in clause (1).

Though interpretation of law and of the Constitution falls within the ambit of ‘Lawyer’s paradise’, but a layman’s reading of the Constitution indicates that with regard to a river and its waters, the state has full and exclusive legislative and executive powers under Articles 246(3) and 162. Thus entry 56 and Article 262 mentioned above gives authority to Parliament to legislate only in regard to interstate rivers and not in regard to waters of a state river over which the concerned state alone has full, exclusive and final authority.
As such, both under the definition of the basin and the valley; Rajasthan and Haryana are beyond the basin of the three Punjab Rivers namely Satluj, Beas and Ravi. Moreover Haryana lies in the Ganga Yamuna basin, and partly in the Ghagar basin which is clearly distinct from Satluj basin.
There have been some ‘arguments’ in favour of Haryana that even the water assets of ‘pre Punjabi Suba’ Punjab needed to be divided with Haryana as per the agreed upon ‘division of assets formula’, but for the sake of argument even in that case the waters of Ganga Yamuna basin as also of Ghaggar Basin needed to be allocated to Punjab in the same ratio subsequent to the creation of ‘Punjabi Suba’.
Narbada River Tribunal vs. Claim of Rajasthan
On the riparian principle there are clear judicial decisions favouring the stand of Punjab and the single most important one is with regard to Narmada River which passes through the territories of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat, but not through Rajasthan. State of Rajasthan sought a share in Narbada River as well. The Tribunal, however, held that case that Rajasthan being a non riparian state had no right on Narbada waters. On the issue of Rajasthan getting waters from Punjab, It held that Rajasthan was getting Punjab waters not as a matter of right but on account of ‘an agreement’ with Punjab about the sharing of latter’s waters.
In retrospect, Rajasthan’s argument about the claimed ‘agreement’ was also gravely erroneous and mischievous because no such agreement was ever signed by the state of Punjab. Government of India, on its own had apportioned Punjab river waters and Rajasthan was allotted 8 MAF out of a total available quantity of 15.85 MAF and that too as an argument which was put to the Indus River Commission and state of Punjab was not a party to it in any way.
Two important facts are, thus, clear from the Narmada Judgement. Firstly that Rajasthan accepted that it is non-riparian vis-a-vis Punjab waters, and secondly that Centre has been allocating Punjab waters to Rajasthan, despite objections from the former and fully knowing that non-riparian Rajasthan has no claim to Punjab waters.
The real causes of this dispute are Sections 78 to 80 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act 1966, which provide for three things.
First, that in case of difference between Punjab and Haryana, the power of making distribution and allotments of the River waters and the hydel power from the Punjab Rivers would lie with the Central Government. This power was later exercised by the Central Government vide its orders of 1976, which gave over 75% of the available river waters of the Punjab to the non-riparian states of Haryana, Rajasthan and Delhi i.e. 11.7 MAF out of 15.2 MAF.
Second, that after 1966 all powers of control, management, administration and maintenance of the multipurpose projects of the three Punjab Rivers shall vest in a Board appointed and controlled by the Central Government.
Thirdly, the powers of extension and development of the multipurpose projects involving irrigation and power on the three Punjab Rivers shall also vest in the Central Government.
The net result of these provisions is that after 1966 the State subjects of Irrigation and Hydel power, which are solely in the state list under the constitution, virtually became Central subjects.
Further Developments to the Detriment of Punjab
Just as Punjab, under the Riparian Law is said to be not entitled to Yamuna waters after 1966, similarly Haryana is also not entitled to any water of the Punjab rivers except what could be contracted on grounds of actual appropriation before 1966 according to which only 0.9 MAF of water could be used by Haryana, which was earlier, a part of the erstwhile Punjab. There was no ambiguity in this regard but since the scheme had not actually been fully implemented before the division of Punjab, Haryana became non-riparian and ceased to be entitled even to 0.9 MAF envisaged in the Project. Punjab too was denied the share of Yamuna waters on this very ground. This project was erroneously and mischievously made a ground for the inclusion of Sections 78 to 80 in the Punjab Reorganisation Act 1966, thereby giving an illegal lever to Haryana to claim Punjab waters, and the Central Government to become the masters and the arbitrator of the untenable claims of the non-riparian states.
In 1981 the Union Government under Indira Gandhi convened a meeting of Chief Ministers (all Congress) of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. This meeting gave a new legally untenable ‘award’ under which Punjab was given 4.22 MAF, Haryana 3.5 MAF, Rajasthan 8.6 MAF, J & K 65 MAF and Delhi 0.2 MAF after over-assessing waters at 17.17 MAF as compared to 15.2 MAF as in 1976. It is in spite and despite the fact that the amount of river waters had, in fact, been shrinking and not increasing. After this so-called agreement, a case pending in the Supreme Court regarding the constitutionality of the PR Act was also withdrawn by Punjab. The Prime Minister soon thereafter laid the foundation of the disputed SYL Canal.
In 1983 Chief Justice, S.S. Sandhawalia of Punjab and Haryana High Court admitted a long pending petition by a group of Punjab farmers challenging the unconstitutional supply of Punjab waters to non-riparian states under the Reorganisation Act. He also announced the constitution of a Full Bench, with himself as Chairman, for the hearing of the case the following Monday, the 25th November, 1983, but he was overnight transferred to Patna and the full bench never sat. Moreover on the oral request of the Attorney General of India, the case was also transferred to the Supreme Court.

Hydel Power Issue and further Arm Twisting
Narration above indicates how over 75% of the available waters of riparian Punjab was allotted to non-riparian states, and the channel of approach to the Supreme Court closed. But there was a snag still left. The agreement of 1981 among the three Chief Ministers dealt with only the water issue. In relation to hydel power, a possibility of challenging the constitutional violation of Articles 14, 162 and 246, and item 17 of the State List by Section 78 to 80 of the Reorganisation Act still existed.
And as such in May 1984, a situation was deliberately created whereby the Hydel Power issue too could not be referred to the Supreme Court.
 For that end, a new ground was found to twist the arm of Punjab and to have an ‘out of the Court agreement’ regarding the hydel power issue as well. By this time, Punjab had a thermal plant at Ropar, which was to yield over 400 megawatts of electric power. For its smooth and efficient working, appropriate cooling it was essential which necessitated drawing of water from the Satluj channel. Cooling was to be done by circulating water which was to be flowed back in to the irrigation channel. Rajasthan and Haryana, both non-riparian states, objected to even this temporary use by Punjab, of the water of its own river. Centrally appointed Bhakra Board refused to allow the proposed necessary circulation and raised the issue to the level of a major dispute. Instead of advising Rajasthan to follow the constitutional path and obtain the verdict of the Supreme Court, the Government became a self-appointed mediator and used the issue of the cooling channel as a lever for pressurising Punjab into entering a ‘Hydel Power Agreement’. It only reminded one of the arms twisting of the kind that was made in 1981 on the water issue. The Governor of Punjab readily signed that agreement because the state was under his ‘rule’ at that point of time.
The ‘agreement’ in effect provided for arbitration by a nominee of the Centre. It envisaged that the Centre could refer any dispute on the issue, for the opinion of the Supreme Court, and in case it declined to give such an opinion, the States would request the Supreme Court to appoint a Judge for giving an award on the dispute and if the Supreme Court declined to do so, the Centre would itself nominate a Judge to give an award on the claims and the award will be binding on the parties. Evidently, the object of the agreement, as in the case of the 1981 agreement, was three fold, which in a few words could be summarised as ‘Arm Twisting’.
Like the 1981 Water ‘Agreement’, the 1984 Hydel Power ‘agreement’ closed the door of the Supreme Court for its verdict on the hydel power issues ‘under’ the Reorganisation Act. It also became a subject of arbitration by the Centre or its nominee. Thus, ‘the ultra vires character of the Section 78 to 80 of the Reorganisation Act remained unchallenged and unexposed. The agreement of 1981 and 1984 appear to be clear instruments both to legitimise the permanent channelising of 75% of the Punjab waters, and hydel power to non- riparian states, and to destroy the constitutional right of Punjab under Article 131 to have the SYL drain set aside by a judicial verdict of the Supreme Court.
Water Needs of Punjab
As per available estimates, Punjabi has about 105 lakh acres of cultivable land. Needs of modern agriculture, double cropping, and hybrid seeds etc. place minimum water needs to over 5 to 6 acre feet per annum for the commonly followed paddy- wheat rotation. Thus, Punjab’s minimum water need comes to 52.5 MAF, of water per annum whereas Satluj, Ravi and Beas, have a water flow only of about 32.5 MAF.
As against these requirement only about 37 lakh acres of Punjab lands are estimated to be ‘canal irrigated’. The sanctioned water supply per acre of commanded area is hardly adequate for the requirements of assured irrigation necessary for modern agriculture. On the basis of minimum requirement of water, the supply necessary for 37lakh acres comes to about 18 MAF, whereas the agreed allotment to Punjab is only about 15 MAF. It means that after 1947 out of the available waters less than 25% have been allotted to Punjab.
Dismal Future of Tubewell Irrigation
As such the peasant is perforce required to sink tube wells to make up for the deficiency of canal water supply. It is estimated that more than 14 lakh tube wells exist in Punjab and applications for more than 3 lakh more tube wells await the nod of the concerned power commission. The cumulative result is dangerously dwindling water table which, in its wake has also been bringing serious health (read cancerous) problems in the entire state particularly those areas where the water table has gone dangerously low and radioactive minerals and elements are being thrown up along with water.
The root cause of this ironical health and dwindling irrigation situation is nothing but the injustice to Punjab by way of unconstitutional allotment of over 75% of Punjab water resources to non-riparian States.
Satluj -Yamuna Link Canal
There is a strong expert opinion that 3.5 MAF allocated for the SYL Canal, the waters of which have to join Yamuna waters to be lifted for irrigation in Gurgaon (in Yamuna basin), would not be available to it without substantial decrease in supply’ to the old running canals of Punjab, thereby reducing the irrigated area of the state by about ten lakh acres. The corresponding damage, it has been stressed, would be serious in districts like Bathinda, Faridkot and Ferozepur, especially because the ground water in those districts is saline and carries toxic elements like boron and fluorides. Supplies to the level of allotments made by the Central Government for Rajasthan and the SYL Canal would never be available from Satluj even if the MB Link were completed, although before its completion the question of supply to SYL ‘Canal cannot arise.

Contribution of Punjab Politicos
We Punjabis are our worst enemies. This is the conclusion that I have, once again, arrived at after studying court orders, newspaper clippings, articles and other material available on net regarding the Punjab water crisis.
Most of our politicians, irrespective of the parties are the biggest enemies of our Punjab, Quom and Race. They become Punjabis only when elections are around the corner and then hibernate only keeping their ‘financial interests alive. And we gullible Punjabis as such are simple, straightforward and amenable to emotional blackmail by most of these politicians.
I feel that the issue of SYL canal, which some politicians are raking-up as on date, is just to befool gullible people like us, simple hearted and straightforward ‘emotional and sensitive Punjabis’. SYL canal, I feel cannot be constructed, will not be constructed and made operational, on account of the reasons enumerated in preceding paras, in our lifetimes. The entire issue will be forgotten after elections and re-emerge during next elections. Even now, no politician is doing anything to seriously raise the issue of continued river water supply to other states through existing canals which are flowing full stream despite acute shortage of water in Punjab. Half hearted statements of our politicians remind me of what we call ‘chid chid and khich khich’ in Punjabi. It all is neither here nor there. Just some weird sounds and that is about all it. Damn such opportune leaders and damn their ‘Gairat’.
Recent ‘drama bazi started after the recent verdict of the Supreme Court of India invalidating PUNJAB TERMINATION OF AGREEMENT ACT 2004 by which Punjab had terminated its ‘water pact’ with Haryana, Himachal, Rajasthan, Jammu &Kashmir and Delhi for sharing its river waters.
And the second Drama Bazi is ‘seeking royalty’ from other states. Were they sleeping till now? It is just an election oriented gimmick and what hurts most is that people still believe such loudmouthed yet insincere politicians.
Punjab has always been victimised in all possible ways, be it funds, our own water, drugs, health plans, royalty for electricity / water/ development etc etc. Just name anything.
If our political leaders and even we civilians have some guts then they need to descend on ground and make serious legal efforts to prevent out flow of Punjab waters.

The writings of S. Daljeet Singh and other writers, particularly the former in his article ‘Punjab River-Waters Dispute’ (http://www.sikhfreedom.com/punjab-river-waters-dispute), as they appear on internet are graciously acknowledged in interest of Punjab. Their in-depth writings will certainly help in creating a favourable air in the country as such which unfortunately is shrouded in anti Punjab myths and propaganda. Without their ground work this attempt could never have been successful.